In 1975, Sixth Street in downtown Austin wasn’t exactly groover’s paradise. There was a sprinkling of bars like the Green Spot and Triple J, a drugstore, some nefarious buildings that possessed their own hidden charms, and even a barbecue shack that catered to the street’s working girls. Near Congress Avenue, the aging Driskill Hotel backed up to Sixth, but it had seen better days. Of course, the area was the perfect location for a blues club. And not just any blues club, but Antone’s.
It has been said that Clifford Antone didn’t choose the blues. The blues chose him. The Port Arthur native opened a sandwich shop in Austin in the early 70s, along the lines of his family’s business in Houston. But soon there were guitars and amps in the back of the shop, and before long the blues had taken over. The blues was inside Clifford Antone, and it had to come out. It drove him to open the best nightclub in the U.S., one that would showcase legends like Muddy Waters, B.B. King, Jimmy Reed and dozens more. It would also give Austin an alternative to the redneck rock renegades’ music that was taking over the city.
Antone’s on Sixth Street opened on July 15, 1975, with a weekend stint from zydeco king Clifton Chenier & His Red Hot Louisiana Band. Devoted spirits like Angela Strehli and several Port Arthur comrades made sure things worked and that the music was presented with the respect it deserved. Before long the large room, formerly a furniture store, also became a clubhouse for just-beginning Austin bands like the Fabulous Thunderbirds and Stevie Ray Vaughan’s Triple Threat Revue. Antone’s changed everything in Austin, and pointed a way forward in spreading the blues. Blues musicians all around the country were talking about the club, and hoping to find a way to play there. It ran on the premise that if Clifford Antone said something, you could believe it. With sisters Susan and Janelle and mother Georgette lending a hand, the bluesman and his family made a stand.
As Sixth Street developed in the late ’70s and rents rose, Antone’s lit out for North Austin in the great migration to the far outposts above Burnet Road. Once it was ensconced in a big room there, icons like Ray Charles and James Brown came to town and dazzled sell-out crowds. Still, it was only a matter of time before a more welcoming location was found, and within a year a former pizza parlor on Guadalupe near the University of Texas campus welcomed any and all blues lovers. The club’s first year there in 1981 gave notice that the blues was back in town.
From ’81 until 1996, hundreds of thousands of fans found their way to the club. Both the Fabulous Thunderbirds and Stevie Ray Vaughan & Double Trouble exploded nationally during the club’s Guadalupe era. It wasn’t odd for any number of nationally-known rockers to find their way to the room to see what all the talk was about, and then do their best to keep the chain unbroken.
For all those years there it seemed like it couldn’t end. But, of course, the blues is all about change too, and the bright lights downtown drew the club back south to Fifth Street and Lavaca.
When that location opened in 1997, Austin was headed toward an explosive building boom, but it hadn’t quite happened yet. Antone’s was one of the first businesses to place a bet on the area. The crowds gradually came with it. Slowly and surely downtown Austin became the tilt-a-whirly hotspot it is today, and once again, Antone’s led the way. The club rolled with all kinds of music, always insisting on authenticity. In 2013, after the economic crash and ensuing challenges, Antone’s moved to Riverside and then entered a short hibernation.
Two things are for sure in Austin: Willie Nelson will always draw a massive crowd, and Antone’s will rise again. Now back on Fifth Street, east of Congress Avenue, the club feels like it’s found its spiritual home. Just a couple blocks from its original location on Sixth, this is where the nightclub belongs. Clifford Antone, who died in 2006, can be felt in the room. He was a man who loved music and musicians, and Antone’s now is his living shrine to all the blues ever created. As Jimmie Vaughan once tried to explain about the blues, “it’s something you either love or don’t like at all.” At the very beginning of the club all those years ago, Antone’s motto was “Home of the Blues.” It could just as easily now be “Home of the Blues Lovers.”